|or are there multiple dialects to C/C++? It seems that code meant for Visual C++ won't work with any of these GCC IDEs. Or would it? |
There are multiple implementations
: each major software vendor (Microsoft, IBM, Apple, Intel, Sun/Oracle, HP) has its own C++ compiler and a C++ standard library, and there are open source implementations such as GNU, and specialized vendors such as EDG
Since no company or organization owns either language, a group of volunteers constantly works on maintaining the standards
, which are documented requirements to a C++ compiler/library. They are regularly updated and revised: C++ had the first one published in 1998, it was updated in 2003 and revised in 2011. C had the first one in 1989, upd 1995 (I think), rev 1999, upd 2001, upd 2004, upd 2007, rev 2011.
Every vendor tries to make their compiler/library fulfill the standard requirements, and at the same time, provides vendor-specific extensions. Useful extensions are submitted to the standard, reviewed/modified to fit the rest of the language, and then then other vendors have to implement them, etc.
|My goal is platform independent C/C++ development, and as such Visual C++, which I believe is geared more towards Windows development, may not be suitable. |
If you code to the standard specs, the program will compile anywhere (and if such program doesn't compile, file a bug report). Visual C++ is just fine with standard C++ (not C) programs (there are still bugs in their implementation of the 2011 set of requirements, but they are worked on)
|would standard functions comprehensively cover all basic coding requirements, like windowing, image handling, drawing, file i/o, printing, etc.?|
There's the catch. No windowing, images, or drawing at all. File I/O is included though.