data for a clipped cone


This is a program for finding data for a clipped cone I'm not getting the equations for slant_height ,volume,surface area right where am I going wrong ?

#include <iostream>


#include <cmath> // sqrt
using namespace std;

int main()
{


// constants
const double PI = 3.14159;

// variables definitions
double radius1;
double radius2;
double height;
double surface_area;
double slant_height;
double volume;

// Interger literals
radius1 = 4;
radius2 = 5.75;
height = 3.91;
//
slant_height = sqrt(pow(height, 2)) + pow(radius2 - radius1, 2);
surface_area = PI * (pow(radius1, 2)) + (pow(radius2, 2)) + (radius1 + radius2) * slant_height;
volume = PI * height / 3 * (pow(radius1, 2)) + (radius1 * radius2) + (pow(radius2, 2));*/




cout << "Albert Grennan\n\n";
cout << "Radius1 " << radius1 << endl;
cout << "Radius2 " << radius2 << endl;
cout << "Height " << height << endl;
cout << "slant height" << slant_height << endl;
cout << "surface area" << surface_area << endl;
cout << "volume " << volume << endl;

return 0;

First, please post code with code tags. See http://www.cplusplus.com/articles/jEywvCM9/

Now, lets look at the first equation:
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//
slant_height = sqrt(pow(height, 2)) + pow(radius2 - radius1, 2);

Are you, by any chance, using Pythagora's a²+b²=c² ?

Whether or not, let me break down your equation a bit:
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auto a = height;
auto b = radius2 - radius1;

// note that pow( foo, 2 ) == foo*foo
// substitute your pows with a*a and b*b:
slant_height = sqrt( a*a ) + b*b;

Does the equation still look as it should?


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surface_area = PI * (pow(radius1, 2)) + (pow(radius2, 2)) + (radius1 + radius2) * slant_height;
volume = PI * height / 3 * (pow(radius1, 2)) + (radius1 * radius2) + (pow(radius2, 2));

Can't help it. Must rephrase:
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auto rad1pow = pow(radius1, 2);
auto rad2pow = pow(radius2, 2);
// substitute:
surface_area = PI * (rad1pow) + (rad2pow) + (radius1 + radius2) * slant_height;
volume = PI * height / 3 * (rad1pow) + (radius1 * radius2) + (rad2pow);

// there are still unnecessary parentheses. Remove them:
surface_area = PI * rad1pow  +  rad2pow  +  (radius1 + radius2) * slant_height;
volume = PI * height / 3 * rad1pow  +  radius1 * radius2  +  rad2pow;

Is that really how area and volume are calculated?
Last edited on
Sorry this is my first time here and thank you

slant height = sqrt h2 + ( r2 – r1 )2

surface area = PI[r12 + r22 + ( r1 + r2 )s] volume = PI* 3 h ( r12 + r1r2 + r22
the equations are from a algebra textbook I've been trying to figure out what parentheses don't belong. when you put rad1pow is that the way you enter it ? how does that work? does it automatically use the second power? how does it know the exponent ? Thank you and I'll go articles and what code tags are

Thanks
Are your dimensions those shown as r1, r2 and h below?
     
     .\                   /|\
     .                     |
     .  \                  |
     .                     |
     .    \                |
     .                     |
     .      \              |
     .                     |
 -   ----------            | APEX
/|\  |   r1    \           |
 |   |          \          |
 |   |           \         |
 h   |            \        |
 |   |             \       |
 |   |              \      |
\|/  |      r2       \    \|/
 -   ------------------    -


If so, you may find it easier to find the hypothetical apex height of the original cone first:
APEX = h * r2 / (r2 - r1)

Then the height of the removed cone with radius r1, is APEX - h.

Volume and curved surface area best found by subtraction as WHOLE CONE minus REMOVED CONE.

Volume (for a non-truncated cone) = PI.R2.H/3
Curved surface area (for a non-truncated cone) = PI.R.L, where L is slant length.

Slant length L found by Pythagoras. For the total surface area you presumably wish to add the circular areas at top and bottom.


After a lot of algebra, and some fortuitous(?) cancellation, I get
V = PI (r12+r22+r1r2)h/3
A = PI [ (r1+r2)S + r12 + r22 ] (including top and bottom circles)
where
S = sqrt[ h2 + (r2-r1)2 ]
is the slant length of the truncated cone.



I would always write R * R, not pow(R,2).

Your BRACKETING is wrong. If you space out your variables much more, you will find it easier to get brackets in the correct place - this is particularly true of your sqrt() calculation for slant height and the collection of terms for volume.


You might also like to make PI a little more accurate, whilst "Interger" is actually spelt "double".
Last edited on
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