function template
<algorithm>

# std::rotate

```template <class ForwardIterator>
void rotate (ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator middle,
ForwardIterator last);
```
```template <class ForwardIterator>
ForwardIterator rotate (ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator middle,
ForwardIterator last);
```
Rotate left the elements in range
Rotates the order of the elements in the range `[first,last)`, in such a way that the element pointed by middle becomes the new first element.

The behavior of this function template (C++98) is equivalent to:
 ``123456789101112`` ``````template void rotate (ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator middle, ForwardIterator last) { ForwardIterator next = middle; while (first!=next) { swap (*first++,*next++); if (next==last) next=middle; else if (first==middle) middle=next; } }``````

### Parameters

first, last
Forward iterators to the initial and final positions of the sequence to be rotated left. The range used is `[first,last)`, which contains all the elements between first and last, including the element pointed by first but not the element pointed by last.
Notice that in this function these are not consecutive parameters, but the first and the third.
middle
Forward iterator pointing to the element within the range `[first,last)` that is moved to the first position in the range.

ForwardIterator shall point to a type for which swap is properly defined and which is both move-constructible and move-assignable.

### Return value

none
An iterator pointing to the element that now contains the value previously pointed by first.

### Example

 ``123456789101112131415161718192021`` ``````// rotate algorithm example #include // std::cout #include // std::rotate #include // std::vector int main () { std::vector myvector; // set some values: for (int i=1; i<10; ++i) myvector.push_back(i); // 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 std::rotate(myvector.begin(),myvector.begin()+3,myvector.end()); // 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 // print out content: std::cout << "myvector contains:"; for (std::vector::iterator it=myvector.begin(); it!=myvector.end(); ++it) std::cout << ' ' << *it; std::cout << '\n'; return 0; }``````

Output:
 ```myvector contains: 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 ```

### Complexity

Up to linear in the distance between first and last: Swaps (or moves) elements until all elements have been relocated.

### Data races

The objects in the range `[first,last)` are modified.

### Exceptions

Throws if any element swap (or move) throws or if any operation on an iterator throws.
Note that invalid arguments cause undefined behavior.