function template
<algorithm>

std::is_heap_until

default (1) ```template RandomAccessIterator is_heap_until (RandomAccessIterator first, RandomAccessIterator last); ``` ```template RandomAccessIterator is_heap_until (RandomAccessIterator first, RandomAccessIterator last Compare comp);```
Find first element not in heap order
Returns an iterator to the first element in the range `[first,last)` which is not in a valid position if the range is considered a heap (as if constructed with make_heap).

The range between first and the iterator returned is a heap.

If the entire range is a valid heap, the function returns last.

The elements are compared using `operator<` for the first version, and comp for the second.

Parameters

first, last
Random-access iterators to the initial and final positions in a sequence. The range checked is `[first,last)`, which contains all the elements between first and last, including the element pointed by first but not the element pointed by last.
comp
Binary function that accepts two elements in the range as arguments, and returns a value convertible to `bool`. The value returned indicates whether the element passed as first argument is considered to go before the second in the specific strict weak ordering it defines.
The function shall not modify any of its arguments.
This can either be a function pointer or a function object.

Return value

An iterator to the first element in the range which is not in a valid position for the range to be a heap, or last if all elements are validly positioned or if the range contains less than two elements.

Example

 ``1234567891011121314151617181920`` ``````// is_heap example #include // std::cout #include // std::is_heap_until, std::sort, std::reverse #include // std::vector int main () { std::vector foo {2,6,9,3,8,4,5,1,7}; std::sort(foo.begin(),foo.end()); std::reverse(foo.begin(),foo.end()); auto last = std::is_heap_until (foo.begin(),foo.end()); std::cout << "The " << (last-foo.begin()) << " first elements are a valid heap:"; for (auto it=foo.begin(); it!=last; ++it) std::cout << ' ' << *it; std::cout << '\n'; return 0; }``````

Most implementations consider a range sorted in reverse order a valid heap:
Possible output:
 ```The 9 first elements are a valid heap: 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ```

Complexity

Up to linear in the distance between first and last: Compares elements until a mismatch is found.

Data races

The objects in the range `[first,last)` are accessed.

Exceptions

Throws if either comp or an operation on an iterator throws.
Note that invalid parameters cause undefined behavior.