Standard input stream
The standard input stream is the default source of data for applications. In most systems, it is usually directed by default to the keyboard.
stdin can be used as an argument for any function that expects an input stream (FILE*) as one of its parameters, like fgets or fscanf.
Although it is commonly assumed that the source of data for stdin is going to be a keyboard, this may not be the case even in regular console systems, since stdin can generally be redirected on most operating systems at the time of invoking the application. For example, many systems, among them DOS/Windows and most UNIX shells, support the following command syntax:
myapplication < example.txt
to use the content of the file example.txt as the primary source of data for myapplication instead of the console keyboard.
It is also possible to redirect stdin to some other source of data from within a program by using the freopen function.
If stdin is known to not refer to an interactive device, the stream is fully buffered. Otherwise, it is library-dependent whether the stream is line buffered or not buffered by default (see setvbuf).
- Standard output stream (object
- Standard error stream (object