public member function
<future>

std::future::get

generic template (1)
T get();
reference specialization (2)
R& future<R&>::get();       // when T is a reference type (R&)
void specialization (3)
void future<void>::get();   // when T is void
Get value
Returns the value stored in the shared state (or throws its exception) when the shared state is ready.

If the shared state is not yet ready (i.e., the provider has not yet set its value or exception), the function blocks the calling thread and waits until it is ready.

Once the shared state is ready, the function unblocks and returns (or throws) releasing its shared state. This makes the future object no longer valid: this member function shall be called once at most for every future shared state.

All visible side effects are synchronized between the point the provider makes the shared state ready and the return of this function.

The member of the void specialization (3) does not return any value, but still waits for the shared state to become ready and releases it.

Parameters

none

Return value

std::move(x)
Where x is the value stored in the shared state by its provider.
T is the type of the value in the shared state (i.e., the template parameter of future).

Example

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// future::get
#include <iostream>       // std::cout, std::ios
#include <future>         // std::async, std::future
#include <exception>      // std::exception

int get_int() {
  std::cin.exceptions (std::ios::failbit);   // throw on failbit set
  int x;
  std::cin >> x;                             // sets failbit if invalid
  return x;
}

int main ()
{
  std::future<int> fut = std::async (get_int);

  std::cout << "Please, enter an integer value: ";

  try {
    int x = fut.get();
    std::cout << "You entered: " << x << '\n';
  }
  catch (std::exception&) {
    std::cout << "[exception caught]";
  }

  return 0;
}


Possible output:

Please, enter an integer value: 101
You entered: 101

Data races

The future object is modified.
The shared state is accessed as an atomic operation (causing no data races).

Exception safety

The function throws the exception stored in the shared state when the provider makes it ready by setting it to an exception. Note that in this case a basic guarantee is offered, with the future object being modified to no longer be a valid future (which is itself a valid state for object of this type, despite its name).

Calling this member function on a future object that is not valid, produces undefined behavior (although library implementations may detect this and throw future_error with a no_state error condition).

See also