No we can't: every direct base and every member is initialized before the body of the constructor is entered. If you don't mention them in the list, they are default-initialized.
All you can do in the body is to replace the contents of the members, e.g. by assigning to them (where possible)
All data members in the body of a constructor are not initialized. They are assigned. So you can not initialize for example a constant data member, or call a constructor of an subobject with parameters, or can not call a constructor of a virtual base class.