//this function supposed to mimic the += operator
Sales_data&Sales_data::combine(const Sales_data &rhs)
units_sold += rhs.units_sold; // add the members of rhs into
revenue += rhs.revenue; // the members of ''this'' object
return *this; // return the object on which the function was called
Sales_data total, trans;
//assuming both total and trans were also defined...
//and here the book says:
//we do need to use this to access the object as a whole.
//Here the return statement dereferences this to obtain the object on which the
//function is executing. That is, for the call above, we return a reference to total.
//*** what does it mean "we return a reference to total" !?
I should say that I have previously a little knowledge in C# and don't really understand how exactly "return *this" affects total object.
Well in this case I'd be confused too because the return value of combine() isn't even being used. But the poit of returning *this as a reference in this case if you could then call another method like so: total.combine(trans).combine(something_else);
and so on.