Have an assignment:
The Assignment:
In this programming project, you will modify the above
algorithm to process a 2D grid of (N x N) cells representing
sea and islands.
Sea is represented by cells containing “white” while islands are
represented by filled “black” cells. Generate a random array
representing this grid (e.g. use N = 20, and approximately 75%
sea and 25% land). For example, the given figure shows a grid
of size 10 x 10. This grid has 5 islands of sizes 6 , 4 , 8 , 5 , 3
Given a grid of cells, each of which may belong to the sea or to
an island, the filled cells that are connected form a Blob (an
island). Write a program that will display the grid and find how
many islands are in the grid and the area (number of cells) in
each.
Design & Implementation Guides
• Global Constants:
The length of the grid side (N)
The characters representing sea and island (e.g. blank and char(219) respectively)
• Global Arrays:
The Grid: The 2D array of A characters of size N x N
The copy of the grid of size N x N in array B
The blob counters: a 1D array of integers of size N2
• The needed functions:
void getGrid();
A function to generate a random Grid of island cells (25%) and sea cells (75%).
This can be done by generating a random number between 1 and 100 for each
cell, if it is 25 or less, the character for that cell is “Island”, i.e. char (219).,
otherwise it is “Sea”, i.e. blank.
Use srand ((unsigned) time(NULL)); to seed the random number generator at
the beginning.
void displayGrid();
A function to display the original grid on the screen.
int BlobCount(N , r , c);
This is a recursive function to receive N, a row (r) and column (c) and work on
the cells in the copy grid. If the cell (r,c) is outside the copy
grid or if it is “sea”, we return zero, otherwise we set the cell
to be “sea” and count it together with the blobs containing
its 8 neighbours. Finally, the function returns the number of
cells in the blob in which cell (r,c) exists.
Notice that in this 2D case, a cell at (r,c) has 8 neighbours
as shown. This means that the function will be called recursively 8 times.
int Islands();
This function will do the following:
Copy the original grid to the copy grid
Zero the blob counters array
Initialize the number of islands to zero
For every cell in the copy grid, find the blob count using the previous
function. If that count is not zero, save it in the blob counters array and
increment the number of islands. Finally, return the number of islands in
the grid.
int main()
The main function will get the original grid, display it and then find the number of
islands in the grid and the number of cells in each.
My program is as follows
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#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
#include <time.h>
#include <iomanip>
void getGrid();
void displayGrid ();
int BlobCount (int r, int c);
int islands ();
int RandInt (int i, int j);
void horizontalborders();
int N;
char **A, **B;
int *blobcount = new int[N*N];
int main ()
{
srand ((unsigned)time(NULL));
int c = 0;
getGrid();
displayGrid();
cout << " This grid of size " << N << " by " << N << " contains " << islands() << " Islands. and an Island Blob count of ";
for (int i = 0; i < (N*N); i++)
{
if (blobcount[i] != 0)
c= c + blobcount[i];
}
cout << c;
cout << endl;
system("pause");
return 0;
}
void getGrid()
{
N = RandInt(5, 30);
int LandBlob, SeaBlob, Blobx, Bloby;
LandBlob = (N * 25) / 100;
SeaBlob = N  LandBlob;
int k = 0;
A = new char*[N];
for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
A[i] = new char [N];
}
while(k < SeaBlob)
{
Blobx = RandInt(0, N1);
Bloby = RandInt(0, N1);
A[Blobx][Bloby] = char(219);
k++;
}
for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
for(int j = 0; j < N; j++)
{
if (A[i][j] != char(219))
{
A[i][j] = char(32);
}
}
}
}
void displayGrid()
{
for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
if (i == 0)
{
horizontalborders();
cout << endl;
}
for(int j = 0; j < N; j++)
{
cout << A[i][j];
}
cout << "" << endl;
}
horizontalborders();
}
int islands()
{
int x, m, IslandNum = 0;
B = new char *[N];
for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
B[i] = new char[N];
}
for(int i = 0; i < N*N; i++)
{
blobcount[i] = 0;
}
for(int i = 0; i < N; i++)
{
for(int j = 0; j < N; j++)
{
m = BlobCount(i, j);
if(m >= 1)
{
x = j + (i * N);
blobcount[x] = m;
IslandNum++;
}
}
}
return IslandNum;
}
int BlobCount(int r, int c)
{
if ( ( (r >= N)  (r < 0) )  ( (c >= N)  (c < 0) ) )
return 0;
else if (B[r][c] == char(32))
return 0;
else
{
B[r][c] = char(32);
return (1
+ BlobCount(r ,c1 )
+ BlobCount(r ,c+1 )
+ BlobCount(r+1, c)
+ BlobCount(r1, c)
+ BlobCount(r+1, c+1)
+ BlobCount(r+1, c1)
+ BlobCount(r1, c1)
+ BlobCount(r1, c+1));
}
}
int RandInt (int i, int j)
{
return rand() % (j  i + 1) + i;
}
void horizontalborders()
{
for(int i =0; i < N; i++) // to print the horizontal borders
cout <<"_";
}
 
It doesnt do the BlobCount function correctly I think there is a problem with the recursive function please someone help. Thanks.