SFML does not currently provide any precompiled version of their libraries for VS 2017. You'll have to compile it yourself using CMake.
Doing that is not too bad.
It'll generate a VS sln you can open with a set of projects, of one which will be called "ALL_BUILD" and another called "INSTALL". Build them and it will compile the library and place the precompiled lib and include files to the place you pointed cmake too when you set it up.