|Do companies not transform materials into products?|
Many (most?) of them don't, no.
See any retail store, logistics company, law firm, sports team, school, etc, etc, etc.
Also... reread the definition of metabolism provided there. It specifically says:
2) Transformation of energy (not just of matter)
3) Energy is specifically used to fuel the lifeform
Even manufacturing companies, which do
transform materials into products do not qualify. Because:
1) The materials they're converting are not, and do not become organic
2) They are using energy to transform matter -- they are not using matter to transform energy.
3) The generated products are not used by the company.
|Each cell in our body is a living organism. We are a superorganism of cells.|
Each ant in a colony is a living organism. The colony is a superorganism of ants (in fact the colony acts like one organism - just like we do).
Well it's like I say... you can stretch the term to mean this if you really want... but then the term loses all meaning, as most things would qualify.
also... another difference here which I hinted at before... is that the cells in our body exist solely
in our body. Their only function is to perpetuate us.
The parts of a company do not exist solely in the company... they only stop in occasionally. They have many functions apart from perpetuating the company.
Whether or not that's a scientifically accepted difference is questionable though.
And while some scientists may consider cities to be alive... the scientific community at large does not agree. Unless you can tell me which kingdom/genus/phylum/species/etc "New York" belongs to.